Updated: Aug 22, 2020
World War II dramatically changed the then existing world order.
Based on three fundamental pillars of democracy, free trade and capitalism, America the only great power that survived the war with its economy and market intact became the de facto world leader of the non communist world.
American leadership established this new world order at The Bretton Woods Conference, 1944. This 'order' based on a number or global institutions ensured under the Marshall plan the rebuilding of the world economy.
American farsightedness and actions produced the greatest material prosperity in history. World GDP has grown 10 fold, population has increased 3 fold, Colonialism ended, and there has been a dramatic reduction in world poverty, with a corresponding improvement in health has been observed. Communism was mostly defeated.
America, currently the sole superpower, dominates the world financially, technologically, socially, politically and militarily. By virtue of emerging as the world's undisputed leader, America has undertaken the cost, leadership and supporter the of all the great multilateral institutions that supports the existing global order.
With leadership power comes a certain swagger, an arrogance and unpleasantness. Every effective leader is either loved or hated, but is always feared. America is no different. To ensure that the global order is maintained as per their leadership America
has taken upon itself the responsibility of being the policeman of the world.
To remain the undisputed leader America has many strategies and plans.
America has 6 unchanging strategic objectives to ensuring a peaceful global order under continuing American leadership, focussed on global material prosperity while opposing violent and disruptive ideologies that threaten this prosperity and peace.
America has no permanent friends or enemies, they only have permanent interests.
American interests and compulsions change very very slowly, if at all.
Style and pace of American political leadership may change. However the establishment's plans to remain, the only superpower in the 21st Century will never change.
Six key objectives for preserving global order, under American leadership in the 21st Century.
1. Security and prosperity of Israel.
2. Ensure global freedom to develop technology, raw materials and energy resources, their supply and open access to markets.
3. Secure universal freedom of movement across all major supply channels and trade routes. Particularly pipelines, waterways & shipping lanes.
4. Contain political and militant Islam
5. Contain the power of Russia, America's only military superpower rival.
6. Contain the power of Communist China, that defies global order which threatens peace and prosperity of all other nations.
America is able to maintain a world order only because it has cultivated powerful and loyal allies and supporters.
America's capitalistic philosophy is always about give and take. If there is a country that America depends on more than any other for supporting America in the most violent and volatile region of the world, the Middle East, it is Israel.
Israel depends heavily on America for its security and prosperity and Israel is a provider of a wide range of high technology products and , local security. This is a long term mutually beneficial win-win arrangement for both, America and Israel.
This marriage is not one of choice for America nor for Israel, it is a compulsion.
Before World War II, any nation that wanted a resource or an access to a market, and it possessed the necessary military power, simply went and seized the resources and forced their way into markets. Called 'Colonialism' mostly European countries and Japan indulged in this practice.
After World War II, America ensured that colonialism was abolished to be replaced by a more equitable, transparent and vibrant global trading order. In this case the individual countries had sovereign ownership of their lands and resources. Force was now replaced with negotiations irrespective of power and size. For this organisations like World Trade Organisation, etc were established.